|Table Of Contents|
Table of Contents1. "Introduction to the Federal Budget Process," CRS Report 98-721, December 3, 2012 (38-page PDF) (CRS R46240, February 26, 2020, 48-page PDF) 2. "The Executive Budget Process: An Overview," CRS Report R42633, July 27, 2012 3. "The Executive Budget Process Timetable," CRS Report RS20152, December 5, 2012 (8-page PDF) 4. "The Congressional Budget Process: A Brief Overview," CRS Report RS20095, August 22, 2011 (CRS R46468, January 10, 2023, 15-page PDF) 5. "Budget Resolution Enforcement," CRS Report 98-815, August 12, 2008 6. "Deeming Resolutions: Budget Enforcement in the Absence of a Budget Resolution," CRS Report R44296, June 26, 2017 (CRS R44296, June 8, 2022, 26-page PDF) 7. "Legislating in Congress: Federal Budget Process," Contributing Author Bill Heniff Jr., with updates by Robert Keith and Megan Lynch 8. "The Budget Reconciliation Process: Stages of Consideration," CRS Report R44058, January 4, 2017
(CRS R44058, January 25, 2021, 16-page PDF) 9. "The Budget Reconciliation Process: The Senate's 'Byrd Rule'," CRS Report RL30862, November 22, 2016 (44-page PDF) (See "The Budget Reconciliation Process: The Senate’s 'Byrd Rule'," CRS Report RL30862, September 28, 2022 (45-page PDF)) 10. "The Congressional Appropriations Process: An Introduction," CRS Report R42388, November 30, 2016 (28-page PDF) 11. "Allocations and Subdivisions in the Congressional Budget Process," CRS Report RS20144, November 29, 2010 12. "Omnibus Appropriations Acts: Overview of Recent Practices," CRS Report RL32473, January 14, 2016 13. "Appropriations Report Language: Overview of Development, Components, and Issues for Congress," CRS Report R44124 July 28, 2015 (CRS R44124, August 16, 2021, 38-page PDF) 14. "Overview of the Authorization-Appropriations Process," CRS Report RS20371, November 26, 2012 (5-page PDF) (See "Authorizations and the Appropriations Process," CRS Report R46497, August 27, 2020, 17-page PDF) 15. "Points of Order in the Congressional Budget Process," CRS Report 97-865, October 20, 2015 (21-page PDF) 16. "The Budget Control Act: Frequently Asked Questions," CRS Report R44874, February 23, 2018 (CRS R44874, October 1, 2019, 19-page PDF) 17. "Budget 'Sequestration' and Selected Program Exemptions and Special Rules," CRS Report R42050, June 13, 2013 (35-page PDF) 18. "Continuing Resolutions: Overview of Components and Recent Practices," CRS Report R42647, January 14, 2016 (CRS R42647, April 19, 2019, 38-page PDF) 19. Additional ResourcesFederal Budget Links and Research Tools
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- Appropriations Process in a Nutshell
- Authorizations and Appropriations in a Nutshell
- The Federal Budget Process
Also see these related publications
Congressional Authorizations and Appropriations
How Congress Exercises the Power of the Purse through Authorizing Legislation, Appropriations Measures, Supplemental Appropriations, Earmarks, and Enforcing the Authorization-Appropriations Process
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