Override a Veto
There are three types of pairs: (1) A live pair involves a member who is present for a vote and another who is absent. The member in attendance votes and then withdraws the vote, saying he has a live pair with colleague "X" and stating how the two members would have voted, one in favor and the other opposed. A live pair may affect the outcome of a closely contested vote, since it subtracts one "yea" or one "nay" from the final tally. A live pair may cover one or several specific issues.
(2) A general pair, widely used in the House, does not entail any arrangement between two members and does not affect the vote. Members who expect to be absent notify the clerk that they wish to make a general pair. Each member is then listed in the Congressional Record. The member may or may not be paired with another taking the opposite position, and no indication of how the members would have voted is given.
(3) A specific pair, also known as a special pair, is similar to a general pair, except that the opposing stands of the two members are identified and printed in the Record.
Pay-As-You-Go (PAYGO) Process
Point of Order
President of the Senate
President Pro Tempore
In the Senate, while amendments may be submitted for printing, they have no parliamentary standing or status. Any senator, however, may call up an amendment submitted for printing in the Senate.
When a private bill is before the chamber, two members may block its consideration, which recommits the bill to committee. Backers of a recommitted bill have recourse. The measure can be put into an "omnibus claims bill" - several private bills rolled into one. As with any bill, no part of an omnibus claims bill may be deleted without a vote. When the private bill goes back to the house floor in this form, it can be deleted from the omnibus bill only by majority vote.
Pro Forma Amendment
Pro Forma Session
Question of Privilege
Questions involving individual members are called questions of "personal privilege." A member rising to ask a question of personal privilege is given precedence over almost all other proceedings. An annotation in the House rules points out that the privilege rests primarily on the Constitution, which gives him a conditional immunity from arrest and an unconditional freedom to speak in the House. (See also Privileged Questions.)