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GORDON ADAMS teaches international affairs and national security at the Elliott School of International Affairs at The George Washington University in Washington, DC. He also directs the Security Policy Studies Program at the Elliott School and is the field advisor for National Security Policy within the Doctoral Program in Public Policy.
He was previously Deputy Director of the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) in London, where he participated in management and planning and developed the IISS corporate membership program. Between February 1993 and December 1997 Dr Adams was Associate Director at the Office of Management and Budget, responsible for oversight of all US foreign affairs and national security budgeting for the Executive Office of the President. Dr Adams was founder and Director of the Defense Budget Project, one of Washington's leading analytical institutions working on the defense budget, defense economics and defense policy issues.
Dr. Adams received his PhD in Political Science from Columbia University, was a Fulbright Fellow at the College of Europe in Bruges, Belgium, and graduated magna cum laude in Political Science and Phi Beta Kappa from Stanford University.
RAYMOND J. AHEARN is the Head of the International Trade and Finance Section at the Congressional Research Service (CRS). In this capacity, he supervises the work of 12 analysts who provide research and support to Congress on a broad range of international economic issues.
Mr. Ahearn began his career in the Economics Division of CRS in 1975. In 1988 he assumed the position of Specialist in Trade Relations in the Foreign Affairs and National Defense Division of CRS and in 1998 he began his current assignment. During 1993-1994 he served as Director of Trade Strategy for Japan in the Office of the United States Trade Representative. During his CRS career, he has authored a number of reports on bilateral and multilateral trade issues. His most recent reports include Trade Conflict and the U.S.-European Union Economic Relationship, U.S.-French Commercial Ties, and Europe's New Trade Agenda. In addition to CRS reports, he has also written a number of articles that have been published in books, journals, and newspapers.
Mr. Ahearn received a BA in political science from Union College in 1971, an MA from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) in 1973, and an MA in economics from the George Washington University in 1980. He is also a 1991 graduate of the National War College in Washington, DC.
FANNIE ALLEN is a certified Etiquette and International Protocol Consultant and graduate of The Protocol School of Washington - the nation's leading school of protocol. After earning bachelor's and master's degrees, Ms. Allen was afforded the opportunity to travel to numerous countries as a Lieutenant Colonel in the US Army Reserves and through affiliations with international agencies and public departments.
MICHAEL A. ANDREWS represented the 25th Congressional District of Texas in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1983-1994. During that time he served as president of the freshman class, received several awards for legislative work, and was named one of Congress' "Rising Stars" in 1990 by the National Journal. He served as a member of the Committee of the Ways and Means, which has jurisdiction over federal tax legislation, health care, trade and welfare policies. As a member of the Health Subcommittee, Representative Andrews contributed as a key participant in the healthcare reform debate. He served on the Budget and Joint Economic Committees, and he worked to insure the passage of GATT and NAFTA.
Representative Andrews now works on public policy with an emphasis on healthcare law and federal income taxation, providing clients with key strategic advice and representation on matters before the Congress. After receiving his Bachelors degree from the University of Texas and his JD from Southern Methodist University, Representative Andrews worked as a law clerk to the Honorable Alan Hannay and then as Assistant District Attorney in Harris County, Texas.
MARTHA ANGLE is principal of Angle Editorial Consulting, and previously an associate editor of Congressional Quarterly, where she directed and edited daily news stories for its proprietary website, CQ.com, and the daily publication, CQ Today. She also wrote and produced the free daily CQ Midday Update email. Before that, Ms. Angle was both a daily news editor and an assistant managing editor for the CQ Weekly, specializing in domestic policy issues. She was a reporter for 13 years for the now-defunct Washington Star, covering Congress and national politics.
In 2006, Ms. Angle received the first annual Poynter Award from Congressional Quarterly, awarded to an exceptional longtime CQ employee.
ROBERT K. ARENA, JR. is director, Multimedia Standards and Design, with Connections Education, a Pearson company. He has been a leader in the integration of digital technology into traditional political and business models since 1995. His first position in the industry was Director of Internet Strategy for Dole for President and then Dole/Kemp '96. In that position, Mr. Arena was responsible for the design and production of the campaign website, widely acclaimed by trade magazines and the mainstream press as the cutting-edge political website of the 1996 cycle. In 1997, he directed Internet strategy for New Jersey Governor Christie Whitman's re-election campaign - including developing one of the first ever bilingual campaign sites. In 1998, he was responsible for New York Governor George Pataki's reelection Internet strategy. Following the 1998 cycle, Mr. Arena worked on various commercial and political sites, most notably an issue advocacy campaign for communications satellite reform legislation.
In 2001 he joined Bray Family Academy in New Jersey as Business Manager. A start-up school, Mr. Arena was responsible for day-to-day financial management. He helped to lead the school's facility search and public and community relations.
In 2004, Mr. Arena joined Carton Donofrio Partners in Baltimore, Maryland, as Vice President and Manager of the Interactive Division. There he utilized the Internet and other emerging digital technologies to help benefit advertising clients across multiple industries. Highlights of client work included producing video driven Web sites and analytics driven online advertising and marketing programs.
In 2008, Mr. Arena founded Presage Digital Strategies a strategic consultancy focused on assisting clients plan and analyze their web and digital marketing strategies, including advertising, one-to-one marketing, word-of-mouth marketing, online community building, and advocacy/political action campaigns.
Mr. Arena graduated from Johns Hopkins University.
LINDA M. AUGLIS is director of political affairs for the National Beer Wholesalers Association (NBWA). The NBWA represents nearly 2,200 family businesses that distribute malt beverage products. Ms. Auglis is responsible for the management of the NBWA Political Action Committee (NBWA PAC), which raises over $2.7 million per two-year election cycle to assist pro-beer wholesaler, pro-business candidates in their elections to the United States Congress.
In addition to managing the NBWA PAC, Ms. Auglis serves as one of NBWA's lobbyists on Capitol Hill and is responsible for the political and grassroots activities of the association. Ms. Auglis manages the annual congressional Oktoberfest and the Capitol Hill Education Series that NBWA hosts for members of Congress and their staffs each year. In Fortune Magazine's "Power 25," Fortune ranked NBWA the 8th most influential group in Washington, DC. Ms. Auglis serves on the Board of Directors for the National Association of Business Political Action Committees (NABPAC). NABPAC's mission is to promote and defend the rights of PACs to freely participate in the political process.
Ms. Auglis holds a Bachelor of Science degree from Towson State University in Baltimore, MD.
STANLEY BACH currently serves as counselor, Parliamentary Advisory Services. Previously, he worked in and for the United States Congress from 1974 until his retirement in 2002. He first served on staffs in both the House of Representatives and the Senate, as a legislative assistant, administrative assistant, and committee counsel. In 1976, he joined the Congressional Research Service (CRS), Library of Congress, where he became a senior specialist in the legislative process. He provided expert, non-partisan assistance to Representatives, Senators, and their staffs and committees on legislative procedures and strategies. His research and essays on Congress also were published by the Brookings Institution and various scholarly journals.
Mr. Bach has lectured in Washington on Congress and the legislative process for many organizations, including TheCapitol.Net, Congressional Quarterly, the Energy, Interior, and State Departments, and the Office of Personnel Management, and in Africa, Asia, and Latin America for the Agency for International Development and the United States Information Agency. He also has been a visiting scholar at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University. In recent years, he has contributed to parliamentary development programs, especially in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, and most recently in Yemen, Angola, and the West Bank, under the auspices of such organizations as the Ford Foundation, the International Republican Institute, the National Democratic Institute, and the United Nations.
A graduate of the University of Chicago, he received a PhD in political science from Yale University.
MICHAEL J. BARRON, Colonel, U.S. Army, is the Legislative Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in Washington DC. He is responsible for providing direct support to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in his duties as the principal military advisor to the President of the United States, the National Security Council and the Secretary of Defense. He is directly responsible to the Chairman for maintaining liaison and relationships with Congress.
Jesuit educated at the University of San Francisco, Colonel Barron earned a BA in History and received his commission in the Infantry, Regular Army in May 1980, following graduation from the University of San Francisco as a Distinguished Military Graduate.
A career Infantry Officer and Army Strategist, Colonel Barron has held key tactical command and staff positions in Infantry and Armor units through Brigade level. He has served in the 2nd Armored Division, 9th Infantry Division (Motorized) and the 3rd Infantry Division (Mechanized). He is a veteran of Operation Desert Storm and Operation Iraqi Freedom and has participated in United Nations peacekeeping operations in the Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia. He has also served in important senior level national security strategy and defense positions.
Colonel Barron holds master's degrees in Government and Politics (MA) from the Johns Hopkins University, in Public Administration (MPA) from the City University of New York and in National Security and Strategic Studies (MA) from the U.S. Army War College. He is a graduate of the program for Senior Executives in National and International Security at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, and he was a Fellow with the Seminar XXI Program on Foreign Politics, International Relations and the National Interest with the Center for International Studies, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His military education includes graduation from the United States Army Command and General Staff College, the United States Marine Corps Staff College and the United States Army War College.
Selected as a Congressional Fellow in 1996-1997, Colonel Barron served as the Legislative Assistant for National Security Affairs to the Speaker of the House, the Honorable Newt Gingrich. He later served as the Army Legislative Liaison to the Senate for the Secretary of the Army. Colonel Barron has also served on the faculty at the United States Military Academy at West Point as an instructor and assistant professor and as the personal aide de camp to the Superintendent, United States Military Academy.
JILL BARSHAY is a senior writer at CQ Weekly covering economic policy and lobbying. Prior to CQ, Ms. Barshay worked at the Asian Wall Street Journal, the Minneapolis Star Tribune, and Dow Jones News Services. She has also written for the Financial Times of London and The New York Times while based in Moscow and Kiev in the mid 1990s.
Ms. Barshay holds a BA in history and Russian language and literature from Brown University and a master's degree in political economy from the London School of Economics.
JAMES L. BAYLESS, JR. is a veteran legislative and regulatory attorney and shareholder in Winstead, Sechrest & Minick's Government Relations/Public Policy Practice and Winstead Consulting Group. A native of Houston, Mr. Bayless has 27 yeas of experience in Washington, DC as a practitioner, private consultant, and former U.S. government official.
Throughout his career, he has represented and advised clients on legislative and regulatory matters before the U.S. government.
Before joining Winstead, Mr. Bayless co-founded and served as the managing partner of three legislative-consulting and public affairs firms, providing legislative and regulatory counseling for U.S. and international corporate clients on matters before the U.S. government, principally in the energy, electric-utility, hospitality, telecommunications, and transportation industries.
Prior to entering private practice, he held three senior positions in the U.S. government. As legislative counsel to Senator John Tower of Texas, he developed legislative strategies for all tax and international trade-related matters pending before the United States Senate.
During the administration of President Ronald Reagan, Bayless served in the White House as Associate Director of the Office of Presidential Personnel, where he identified and recommended candidates for presidential appointment to policy-making positions at the Departments of the Treasury, the Securities and Exchange Commission, and other federal regulatory agencies overseeing economic policy and the financial services industry. Subsequently, he was appointed by the Reagan administration to the position of Deputy Assistant Secretary for Congressional Affairs at the U.S. Department of Commerce. In this capacity, he helped to secure congressional approval of the administration's international trade legislative agenda.
JENNIFER BERIGAN was a Political Representative for the International Association of Fire Fighters, where in addition to developing and implementing the IAFF's political programs, she managed FIREPAC, the union's political action committee (PAC). Her PAC responsibilities included fundraising, managing FIREPAC donor programs and filing appropriate state and federal campaign finance disclosures. During her tenure, FIREPAC raised a record $1.3 million during the 1999-2000 election cycle.
Prior to joining the IAFF, Ms. Berigan was a Legislative Analyst at Stateside Associates, a state government relations firm in Arlington, Virginia. She previously staffed the Tennessee Senate's General Welfare, Health and Human Resources Committee and served as Finance Director for the Tennessee Democratic Party during the 1996 election cycle.
In 1997, Ms. Berigan was named one of the nation's outstanding young political professionals by the American Council of Young Political Leaders and participated in a political exchange tour to Australia. She earned a BA in International Studies and Political Science from St. John Fisher College, Rochester, NY, and received an MPhil in Peace Studies from University of Dublin, Trinity College.
EDWIN R. BETHUNE is a former Member of Congress and a former partner in the law firm of Bracewell & Patterson. He specialized in representing clients on public policy matters before Congress, the Executive Branch, and the courts. Mr. Bethune represented the second district of Arkansas in Congress from 1979 to 1985. During that time, he served on the Budget, Banking, and Small Business Committees. Mr. Bethune is also a former FBI agent, and he has served as general counsel to the Federal Bureau of Investigation Agents Association since 1988. He also served as Chairman of the 9th District Federal Home Loan Bank Board from 1973 to 1977.
From 1954 to 1957, Mr. Bethune served in the Marine Corps attaining the rank of sergeant, with service in Korea as the Korean War was ending. He received his BS in Business Administration and his JD from the University of Arkansas.
JEFF BIGGS serves as director of the American Political Science Association (APSA)'s Congressional Fellowship Program (CFP). In its forty-fifth year, the CFP annually provides 40-50 political scientists, journalists, federal executives, and other professionals from the U.S. and abroad with a 10-month working experiences in the offices of members of Congress, congressional committees, and seminars on national politics and Congress. Dr. Biggs has also been a visiting scholar at the Library of Congress' Congressional Research Service (CRS), and was a faculty member of the CRS Parliamentary Institute for Research and Analysis.
Dr. Biggs spent 21 years in the Foreign Service holding positions with the U.S. Information Service as press secretary/spokesman at U.S. embassies in Brazil and Portugal, as office director for press and public affairs in the State Department's Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, and as deputy chief of mission in Bolivia. A former APSA congressional fellow, Dr. Biggs served from 1987-1994 as press secretary/spokesman for Representative Thomas S. Foley of Washington during his service as Majority Leader and Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives. After December 1994, he was a senior advisor to the director of the President's Office of National Drug Control Policy and a visiting fellow a the Freedom Forum studying the media and Congress.
Dr. Biggs received his BA in history from Harvard University; an MA in political science from Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, as a Fulbright student; and a PhD in American studies from George Washington University. He is a recipient of a Dirksen Congressional Center Research Grant Award.
STEVEN BILLET is the Chief of Staff at the Graduate School of Political Management (GSPM) at The George Washington University. He came to GW in 2002 after an eighteen year career with AT&T. Since joining the GSPM he initiated and directed the operation of a graduate certificate program in PAC management, and led the development and execution of a number of executive programs. In addition to his administrative responsibilities he teaches courses on "PAC Management" and "Globalization and International Advocacy."
Steven joined AT&T as the Director of Government Affairs for Maryland and Delaware in 1983 after working in the congressional offices of John Brademas and Barbara Mikulski. He was instrumental in re-establishing AT&T's government affairs presence in both states after the 1984 AT&T divestiture.
In 1988 Steven moved to Brussels, Belgium, where he directed the creation and operation of AT&T's public affairs organization for Europe, Africa and the Middle East. Upon returning to the U.S. in 1993, he directed the legislative effort for AT&T on GATT and NAFTA. He later assumed leadership of the AT&T PAC and managed lobbying efforts for the U.S. Congress. In 1999, he moved back into the international arena, becoming the Washington Public Affairs Director for Concert, an AT&T/British Telecom global venture.
Steven holds a BA and an MA from East Carolina University and a PhD from the University of Notre Dame.
ROBERT L. BIXBY is executive director of The Concord Coalition, a nonpartisan, grassroots organization dedicated to educating the public about federal budget issues and their consequences for the future. The Concord Coalition was founded in 1992 by former U.S. Senators Warren Rudman (R-NH) and the late Paul Tsongas (D-MA), and former Secretary of Commerce Peter G. Peterson. Mr. Bixby was named Executive Director in October 1999, after serving as the Coalition's Policy Director, National Field Director, and in other capacities since 1992. He frequently represents Concord's views on budget and entitlement reform policy at congressional hearings and in the national media.
Mr. Bixby has a BA in political science from American University in Washington, DC, a JD from George Mason University School of Law in Arlington, VA, and a master's degree in public administration from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.
WILLIE BLACKLOW is an Adjunct Professor at the Elliott School of International Affairs at The George Washington University. He served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Communications for more than three years at the Pentagon in the Office of the Secretary of Defense where he was the Pentagon's designee on the White House Interagency Working Group.
Mr. Blacklow spent 19 years on Capitol Hill, the last six of which as Press Secretary to Senator Carl Levin of Michigan. He was Press Secretary to Congressman George Miller of California and prior to that was Administrative Assistant and Press Secretary for Representative Toby Moffett. He has also been active in a number of US presidential and senatorial campaigns.
REBECCA K. BLOOD has more than twenty five years of public policy, legislative and regulatory experience at the local, state, and federal levels of government, with expertise in energy and environmental issues.
At the American Public Power Association (APPA), Rebecca Blood served most recently as a Senior Policy Advisor analyzing, devising, and executing policy strategies on major issues affecting the electric utility industry. Her focus included: utility restructuring, renewable energy, energy conservation, Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, hydropower licensing reform, and global climate change issues. She also directed APPA's Policy Makers' Council consisting of locally-elected officials and mayors from public power member communities.
Before coming to the APPA, Ms. Blood served as a consultant with APCO Associates, representing electric utility clients before Congress and the administration.
Previously, Ms. Blood was Assistant Director of the Washington, DC office of Ohio Governor Richard Celeste. In that capacity she represented the Governor before Congress and the Executive Branch on a range of energy and environmental issues, including the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, federal facility cleanup and enforcement issues, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and a number of Great Lakes regional water programs.
Prior to working for the State of Ohio, Ms. Blood served as Legislative Assistant to Representative Phil Sharp (D-IN), as Legislative Aide to Senator Carl Levin (D-MI), and as a Constituent Service Representative for Senator Levin in Michigan.
Ms. Blood received an MPA in legislative and regulatory Affairs from the George Washington University and a BA in political science from Michigan State University.
GLEN BOLGER is one of the country's leading Republican political strategists and pollsters. He is a partner and co-founder of Public Opinion Strategies, a national political and public affairs survey research firm whose clients include leading political figures, Fortune 500 companies, and major associations.
In the 2004 elections, Mr. Bolger handled the polling for six winning Senators, including John Thune of South Dakota, Richard Burr of North Carolina, Jim DeMint of South Carolina, Arlen Specter of Pennsylvania, and Jim Bunning of Kentucky. Mr. Bolger also polled for 27 members of Congress, including four freshmen. Overall, Mr. Bolger polls for eleven U.S. Senators, including Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist, and five Governors.
For its work in the 2004 elections, Public Opinion Strategies was congratulated by The Hotline with the headline: "Consultant Scorecard: Who Had An Especially Good Night? (Gimme A 'P'; Gimme An 'O'; Gimme An 'S')." For its work in the 2002 elections, Public Opinion Strategies won the "Pollster of the Year" Campaign Excellence Award from the American Association of Political Consultants.
Mr. Bolger has polled for successful Republican legislative candidates in Georgia, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Virginia, and Washington State. Mr. Bolger's corporate polling experience includes crisis management polling for some of the top issues in recent years, as well as image and message work for major clients such as Wal-Mart, Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Florida, Tyson Foods, Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railroads, Intuit (the makers of Quicken), and numerous other Fortune 500 companies.
Prior to co-founding Public Opinion Strategies, Mr. Bolger was the Director of Survey Research & Analysis for the National Republican Congressional Committee, the political arm of the House Republican Caucus.
CLINT BRASS is an Analyst in American National Government at the Congressional Research Service, specializing in executive branch management issues and congressional oversight of executive branch management. He is a contributing author in the Legislative Drafter's Deskbook. Before coming to CRS, he worked at the Office of Management and Budget, the Commissioner's Office of the Internal Revenue Service, and for the governor and treasurer of the state of Illinois.
He has an MBA from the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania, a master of public policy from the Ford School at the University of Michigan, and an AB from Cornell University.
Legislative Drafter's Deskbook: A Practical Guide
By Tobias A. Dorsey
Contributing Author: Clint Brass
JONATHAN BRODER is the editor for foreign policy and defense with Congressional Quarterly, Inc. He joined CQ in 2002 and reported from Iraq on the U.S. occupation.
He has worked as a foreign correspondent in the Middle East, South Asia, and the Far East for the Associated Press, NBC News, and the Chicago Tribune. Based in Jerusalem and Beirut, he covered the 1973 Middle East war, the 1974 Turkish invasion of Cyprus, the 1975 Lebanese civil war and its aftermath, the 1979 Iranian revolution, the 1980-1988 Iraq-Iran war, the 1981 imposition of martial law in Poland, the 1982 Israeli invasion of Lebanon, and the Palestinian intifada in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. From his base in Beijing, Mr. Broder covered China's economic revolution, political turmoil in the Philippines, the downing of South Korean Airline Flight 007, the assassination of Indian Prime Minister Indira Ghandi, and Afghanistan under Soviet occupation. Returning to the United States in 1990, Broder worked in Washington as a reporter, editor and lecturer, covering foreign affairs, defense and national security for the San Francisco Examiner, National Public Radio, Salon and MSNBC.com.
Mr. Broder has won a number of awards, including the Society of Professional Journalists' Peter Lisagor award for his coverage of Afghanistan. Conversant in Arabic, Hebrew, and German, Broder's writing also has appeared in The New York Times Magazine, The Washington Post, The World Policy Journal and the Smithsonian magazine. He is a frequent commentator on foreign affairs for the BBC and National Public Radio and a regular participant at the Asilah Forum in Morocco, and the World Affairs Conference in Boulder, CO.
JACK BUECHNER (pronounced "BEEK-ner"), served as a Member of Congress, representing Missouri's 2nd District (St. Louis/St. Charles Counties) from 1987 to 1991. During his tenure, he was Vice-Chairman of the Republican Study Committee and Deputy Whip to former Speaker Newt Gingrich. Mr. Buechner served on the Budget Committee and the Committee on Science, Space and Technology. From 1972 to 1983 Mr. Buechner was a State Representative and Minority Leader in the Missouri House of Representatives and served as a Missouri Tourism Commissioner. Prior to that, Mr. Buechner founded his own law firm in St. Louis and practiced law for 21 years before being elected to Congress. He is a Past President of the US Association of the Former Members of Congress.
Civic education and academia hold a special place in Mr. Buechner's interests and background. Following his congressional tenure, Mr. Buechner served as President of the International Republican Institute, a democracy-building, non-governmental organization that is part of the National Endowment for Democracy. The IRI provides training in civic education worldwide. Under his leadership, the IRI opened offices in six countries and developed programs on democracy and free market economies in 28 others including Haiti, El Salvador, Albania, Bulgaria, Romania and Nicaragua. Mr. Buechner has also led international election monitoring teams to Central America , North Africa and Eastern Europe. Mr. Buechner was also the representative of the U.S. Republican Party to the International Democratic Union following the fall of the Berlin Wall.
Until retiring in 2006, Mr. Buechner served as the President and CEO of "A Presidential Classroom for Young Americans". As an attorney, Mr. Buechner was a partner in the Washington, DC office of a national firm that represented a wide variety of domestic and international clients before Congress, executive departments, independent agencies and quasi-governmental entities. Working in the government, international trade and policy unit, he developed and implemented strategies in all aspects of the legislative process including the budget, authorizations and appropriations. Mr. Buechner's international work included the analysis of the political, governmental and economic climates in emerging democracies. In addition, he has been an advisor to several ambassadors and corporate executives. Mr. Buechner was selected by Bloomberg LP to join the first Advisory Board for Bloomberg.Gov.
Mr. Buechner has been a visiting professor of political thought at Webster University in Vienna, Austria. Earlier, he was an adjunct professor of political science at St. Louis (MO) University and Stephen's College in Columbia, MO.
Mr. Buechner can be found in the listings of Who's Who in the World, in America, in American Politics, American Law, Who's Who in The East and The South, and in The Balkans. He is the recipient of many awards for community service and his achievements as a public servant for almost 25 years. He continues to speak on political and governance issues including his favorite appearance as the first Member of Congress to be on The David Letterman show.
FRANK BURK was an Adjunct Professor of Law at the Georgetown University Law Center from 2002-2005. He served for 21 years on the staff of the Office of Legislative Counsel of the Senate, specializing in the drafting of banking, housing, and securities legislation. In 1991 he became the Legislative Counsel of the United States Senate, a position that he held until 1998 when he resigned to pursue other interests.
He received a BA from Dartmouth College and a JD from the George Washington University School of Law.
Drafting Effective Federal Legislation and Amendments in a Nutshell
a Capitol Learning Audio Course
with Frank Burk (Legislative Counsel of the U.S. Senate 1991-1998).
JIM BURTON is Senior Vice President at Public Opinion Strategies, a leading national political and public affairs research firm. Since joining the firm in January 2002, he has worked on nearly 1000 research projects. Besides managing research projects, Jim is responsible for the training of the firmâ€™s project directors and is the liaison with its phone centers and other outside vendors. Prior to joining Public Opinion Strategies, Mr. Burton was the Executive Director of the Maryland Republican Party. In addition, he worked as a legislative aide for a Prince Georgeâ€™s County (MD) Council member. He has also worked on or managed campaigns from the state and local level to the federal level.
Mr. Burtonâ€™s work experience includes some of the most competitive political races in the country, as well as corporate and non-profit work. He has conducted research in 42 states and the District of Columbia, as well as Puerto Rico, Guam, the Philippines, Afghanistan, Cambodia, and Iraq. Mr. Burtonâ€™s public affairs research includes work on public policy battles on deregulation, telecommunications, tax reform, tort reform, health care, zoning and land use issues, pension reform, and bottled water. Some of the organizations he has worked with include: Blue Cross Blue Shield of Florida, the Catholic Health Association, Verizon, Tyson Foods, Station Casinos, the Peoria library system, the Dallas Cowboys, BNSF Railway, and Pepsi.
He has appeared on C-SPAN and has taught research seminars at American University and the Leadership Institute. In November 2008 he conducted an extensive training with Iraqis on how to conduct survey research in Iraq. He is also a RIVA trained focus group moderator. In 2009 he completed The George Washington Universityâ€™s graduate certificate program in Survey Design and Analysis. A graduate of Clemson University, he resides with his wife and two daughters in Gambrills, Maryland.
ANTHONY CAPACCIO is a defense expert on Capitol Hill and is currently a Pentagon correspondent for Bloomberg News. Previously, he was editor of Defense Week, and was a staff associate with national columnist Jack Anderson, covering a variety of beats. Mr. Capaccio speaks to many audiences about the military and media. He co-authored the July-August 1995 cover story of the American Journalism Review on "How the Media Mishandled the Enola Gay Controversy," and was listed in the April 1997 edition of the National Journal as one of the most influential reporters in Washington. Mr. Capaccio received a BA from De Paul University and a MA in journalism from Marquette University.
JAMES C. CAPRETTA is a Fellow at the Ethics and Public Policy Center and Director of Health Policy Consulting with Civic Enterprises, LLC.
He researches, writes, and speaks on a wide range of public policy and economic issues, including U.S. fiscal policy, Social Security reform, health care financing and insurance coverage, Medicare and Medicaid reform, and global population aging. His articles have appeared in The Weekly Standard, National Review Online, Tax Notes magazine, and The New Atlantis.
Mr. Capretta has more than fifteen years of experience serving in senior positions in Congress and the executive branch, most recently as an Associate Director at the White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB) from 2001 to 2004. At OMB, Mr. Capretta was the lead budget official for advancing the President's health care, Social Security, welfare, education, and labor policy agenda. Prior to joining the White House, Mr. Capretta served for nearly a decade as a Senior Policy Analyst on the Republican Staff for the U.S. Senate Budget Committee under Senator Pete V. Domenici (R-NM), handling health care and Social Security issues, and as a Professional Staff Member of the House Ways and Means Subcommittee on Health.
An Adjunct Fellow with the Global Aging Initiative of the Center for Strategic and International Studies and with Hudson Institute, Mr. Capretta served as a Visiting Lecturer at the Sanford Institute of Public Policy at Duke University in 2006 and was a Visiting Fellow in Economic Studies at the Brookings Institution in 2005-2006.
He began his career as a budget examiner at OMB from 1987 to 1990 after graduating with an MA in Public Policy Studies from Duke University. He graduated from the University of Notre Dame in 1985 with a BA in Government.
Budget Formulation, Justification, and Execution: A How-To for Budget Analysts
a Capitol Learning Audio Course
with James Capretta
MARY AGNES CAREY is senior correspondent at Kaiser Health News and previously covered health care issues for CQ and served as associate editor of CQ HealthBeat, a daily report on health care policy. She also served as Capitol Hill Bureau Chief for CQ.
Before joining CQ, Ms. Carey covered budget, economics, appropriations and health care for Dow Jones Newswires. She spent eight years covering business, politics, labor and defense issues for newspapers in Connecticut and Pennsylvania and she has won awards for investigative, environmental and spot news reporting.
Ms. Carey has a master's degree in journalism from Columbia University in New York City and an English literature degree from Saint Mary's College in Notre Dame, Indiana.
MARY CASSELL is a senior program examiner in the Education Branch of the Office of Management and Budget and a member of OMB's Performance Evaluation Team (PET). As a program examiner, she covers elementary and secondary education issues and federal programs that support the President's No Child Left Behind initiative, including those that help disadvantaged students, improve reading, and fund after-school efforts. As a member of the PET, Ms. Cassell helped design and implement the Program Assessment Rating Tool (PART), a tool that is used to rate and improve the performance of federal programs.
Before joining OMB in 1995, Ms. Cassell worked as a legislative aide for the House Committee on Education and the Workforce where she worked on the 1994 revisions of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act that helped establish accountability and school improvement systems for public schools.
Ms. Cassell has a Master of Public Policy degree from Johns Hopkins University and a BA from Cornell University.
JIM CHAPMAN is partner with the Washington, DC law firm of Bracewell & Giuliani LLP, representing clients on public policy matters before Congress and the executive branch, and providing strategic advice on a broad range of federal issues. His expertise is in appropriations and budget matters, taxation, energy, environment, trade, communications and high technology.
Mr. Chapman is a former six-term member of Congress, elected to represent the first district of Texas in 1985, and retiring in 1996. While in Congress, Mr. Chapman served on the House Appropriations Committee, the Public Works Committee, the Small Business Committee, and the Science, Space and Technology Committee. He was also involved in leadership positions serving on the Democratic Steering and Policy Committee and on the House Leadership Committee that makes all committee assignments for members of the Democratic Caucus and sets the legislative agenda for the caucus. He also served as chairman of the Texas delegation and was a Democratic Whip.
Mr. Chapman holds a BBA from University of Texas and a JD from Southern Methodist University School of Law.
JOHN CHWAT is president of the government relations firm of Chwat & Company, which represents corporations, trade and professional associations, industry coalitions, and foreign clients.
Mr. Chwat served both Democrats and Republicans as a chief of staff to two congressmen, the late Rep. John Breckinridge (D-KY) and former Rep. Bill Boner (D-TN); legislative aid to the late Rep. Seymour Halpern (R-NY); and staff member to the Senate Labor Committee under the late Sen. Jacob Javits (R-NY).
Mr. Chwat also served as a national defense and foreign policy analyst for the Congressional Research Service (CRS) of the Library of Congress. In this capacity, he worked on congressional projects with the Central Intelligence Agency, Defense Intelligence Agency, Department of Defense, Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Department of State. He also served in the congressional relations office of USDA and was a senior specialist in congressional relations for the Communications Satellite Corporation (COMSAT).
He teaches at The American University, as well as at George Mason University, Trinity College, and Northern Virginia Community College.
Mr. Chwat received an MA in American Government from Georgetown University and a JD from American University's Washington College of Law.
ANN COMPTON is now covering her seventh president for ABCNEWS. In 1974, she was the first woman, and one of the youngest correspondents, to be named full-time White House correspondent by a network news organization. On that assignment, she has covered Presidents Bush, Clinton, Bush Sr, Reagan, Carter and Ford. From February 1987 to January 1989, she was ABCNEWS chief House of Representatives correspondent.
Ms. Compton has been the chairperson of the Radio Television Correspondents Association, the governing board for 2500 broadcasters covering Washington, DC. She was on the team that received an Emmy and a Peabody award for ABC News' September 11th reporting, when she was the only broadcast reporter allowed to remain on Air Force One when President Bush was unable to return to Washington.
Inducted into the Radio Hall of Fame in 2005, Ms. Compton is a former president of the White House Correspondents Association (2007).
CHARLES E. COOK, JR. is Editor and Publisher of The Cook Political Report, and political analyst for the National Journal Group, where he writes weekly for National Journal magazine and CongressDailyAM. He also writes a regular column for the Washington Quarterly, published by the Center for Strategic and International Studies, and is a political analyst for NBC News.
Widely regarded as one of the nation's leading authorities on U.S. elections and political trends, Charlie has appeared on the ABC, CBS and NBC evening news programs, as well as on "Good Morning America," the "Today Show," "Nightline," "Meet the Press with Tim Russert," and "This Weekâ€¦." He has also appeared many times on CNBC, MSNBC, CNN, C-SPAN, CNN and National Public Radio.
Before joining the National Journal Group in June of 1998, Charlie wrote for 12 years a twice-weekly column in Roll Call, the newspaper of Capitol Hill. Charlie also served as an election night analyst for CBS in 1990 and 1992, and for NBC in 1994, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002, and 2004.
is the publisher of The Rhodes Cook Letter. Until 1998, Mr. Cook was a senior political writer with Congressional Quarterly where he was intimately involved in CQ's presidential and congressional campaign coverage. He joined CQ in 1974 and was a major contributor to CQ's first edition of the Guide to U.S. Elections, the third edition of Dollar Politics, and was the moving force behind the creation of CQ's presidential nominating guidebook, Race for the Presidency. Since 1996, he has been the author of America Votes, a biennial compilation of electoral data begun more than half century ago by Richard Scammon. Mr. Cook received his bachelor's and master's degrees from Pennsylvania State University.
MICHAEL CORNFIELD is the Acting Director of the Political Management Program at the Graduate School of Political Management at The George Washington University (GSPM). He has been an Adjunct Professor at GSPM since 1994, and he helped found its Semester in Washington Program for undergraduates, and its Institute for Politics, Democracy, and the Internet. Previously, he was Vice President for Research and Media Strategy at 720 Strategies, a Washington, DC-based public persuasion firm specializing in integrated communications.
Mr. Cornfield is the author of two books about the Internet and American politics: Politics Moves Online: Campaigning and the Internet and The Civic Web: Online Politics and Democratic Values, co-edited with David M. Anderson.
From 1999 until 2007, Cornfield wrote a monthly column for Campaigns & Elections magazine. He has served as a Senior Research Consultant to the Pew Internet & American Life Project, where he pioneered the study of political online advertising, blogs, and subscriber email, collaborated in survey research and analysis of political media use by citizens, and commented on related new developments in online campaigning.. . .
BLAIR CROWNOVER is a consultant to the U.S. Senate Office of Legislative Counsel where he frequently trains new counsel. From 1971 to 2001, Mr. Crownover was an adjunct professor at Georgetown University Law Center, teaching the law school's course on legislative drafting. He also served as the course director for the Legislative Drafting Seminar for the International Law Institute.
Mr. Crownover served as senior counsel in the United States Senate Office of Legislative Counsel from 1962 until his retirement. He worked primarily on legislation within the jurisdiction of the Labor and Human Resources Committee, including education, labor, and arts and humanities. Mr. Crownover also worked on civil rights and appropriations legislation. Before joining the Legislative Counsel's Office, he served in the United States Army in the Judge Advocate General's Corps.
Mr. Crownover earned his LLB at the University of Michigan.
JOHN CRANFORD has worked for more than three decades as a reporter and editor, much of that time covering economics and government fiscal and monetary policy.
After graduating from college in 1974 and taking a succession of jobs as a reporter and writer, Cranford joined the staff of the Montgomery County (MD) Sentinel, at the time a 15,000 paid-circulation weekly in a suburb of Washington, DC. In 1980, he was named editor and served in that post until 1984.
In 1984, he joined Congressional Quarterly, a news service that now provides broad daily, weekly and online coverage of Congress and public policy. Mr. Cranford served as CQ's economics editor for three years before becoming senior economics writer. He covered banking and securities issues during the stock market crash of 1987 and its aftermath, and the savings and loan and banking crises of the late 1980s and early 1990s. He is the author of Budgeting for America, a 1989 book on U.S. federal budget policy, published by Congressional Quarterly.
For six years (1996-2002), Mr. Cranford was senior economics editor at Bloomberg News, where he managed coverage of the U.S. economy, Federal Reserve policy and banking issues, and supervised coverage of the economies and central banks of all North and South American countries.
He returned to CQ in 2003 and soon after was named managing editor of the CQ Weekly magazine. When the Weekly was revamped in January 2005 to focus more closely on the ways public policy and commerce interact, he was named to the new position of national editor and since 2009 he has served as managing editor for enterprise reporting, from which he manages large-scale reporting projects and helps to initiate coverage that goes beyond the news of the day for all parts of the CQ enterprise. He also writes a weekly column called Political Economy.
CHUCK CUSHMAN was the acting director of the Graduate School of Political Management at The George Washington University. He taught fundamentals of political management, public policy, national security policy, and Congressional defense policy.
Dr. Cushman is a 1986 graduate of West Point and served nine years in the Army as an armor officer, commanding troops in Germany and at Fort Knox, KY, and completing his service as an instructor at West Point. Prior to his current position at GWU, Dr. Cushman was a consultant to the Defense Department, and to the Space Commission headed by former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld. He has also been a lobbyist working to advance peace in the Middle East, and defense advisor to Rep. David Price (D-NC) in the 105th Congress.
Dr. Cushman earned his PhD from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
Presidential-Congressional Relations: Rivals Sharing Power
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STEPHEN DAGGETT is a specialist in national defense at the Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. He has been with CRS since 1989, and his research focuses on the U.S. military budget and defense policy issues. From 1986 until 1989, he was a senior analyst for a private organization, the Committee for National Security, where he specialized in U.S. defense policy, the U.S. military budget, and strategic arms control policy. Prior to that, Mr. Daggett was a senior analyst for the Center for Defense Information. He has also served as a consultant to the Council on Economic Priorities in New York for a project analyzing the Strategic Defense Initiative.
Mr. Daggett has a BA in political science from University of Massachusetts, and an MA in political science from the University of Michigan.
How to Read and Decipher the Department of Defense (DoD) Budget
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CHRISTOPHER M. DAVIS is an analyst in the Government and Finance Division at the Library of Congress's Congressional Research Service (CRS). His work at CRS focuses on parliamentary procedure, and the history and operations of the U.S. Congress.
Prior to working for CRS, Mr. Davis served for thirteen years as a political and policy advisor to Members of the House and Senate, including a full committee chair and a member of the House Leadership.
Congress, the Legislative Process, and the Fundamentals of Lawmaking
A Series of Nine Courses
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EDWARD (SANDY) DAVIS is Special Assistant to the Director for Congressional Relations and Budget Process at the Congressional Budget Office. Previously was a senior analyst with the Congressional Budget Office (CBO). Mr. Davis joined CBO in January 1996 after several years as a specialist with the Congressional Research Service of the Library of Congress. His area of expertise is the Federal budget process, focusing in particular on Congressional budget procedures and practices. Mr. Davis has prepared CBO testimony for Congressional hearings on various proposals to reform the Federal budget process. He authored CBO studies on emergency spending under the Budget Enforcement Act and the Line Item Veto Act.
Mr. Davis received a BA in political science from Randolph-Macon College in Virginia in 1977, and completed two years of post-graduate study in public administration at the University of Virginia in 1979.
SID DAVIS has had an extensive media career that has included serving as vice president and Washington bureau chief of NBC News, bureau chief and White House correspondent for Westinghouse Broadcasting Company and as director of external affairs and program director of the Voice of America.
Mr. Davis is a former guest scholar at the Brookings Institution (1994-1996) where he studied the latest developments in the communication business and lectured on the growth of the media and its impact on public policy.
From 1997 to 1987, Mr. Davis served as a senior Washington correspondent and as vice president and bureau chief of the NBC News Washington Bureau, supervising a staff of 200 correspondents, producers, and technicians in television and radio coverage of the nation's capitol. Prior to joining NBC News, Mr. Davis was Chief of the Washington News Bureau of Group W, Westinghouse Broadcasting Company. From 1960 to 1968 he served as Group W's White House correspondent during the administrations of John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.
Mr. Davis began his career as news director and anchorman at WKBN TV in Youngstown, Ohio. He is a graduate of Ohio University at Athens with a Bachelor of Science Degree in Journalism.
CHRISTOPHER J. DEERING is professor of political science at The George Washington University where, from 1990 to 1994, he was associate dean of arts and sciences. Professor Deering is co-author of "Committees in Congress" (1984, 1990, 1997), editor of "Congressional Politics" (1989), and has written a number of articles and chapters on congressional leadership, committees, and careers and on Congress's role in foreign and national security policymaking. From 1990 to 1998 he served as director of academic planning and development for the American Political Science Association's Congressional Fellowship Program and on the Robert Wood Johnson Health Policy Fellowships Advisory Board. He has served on the editorial boards for Legislative Studies Quarterly and Congress & the Presidency. As an APSA congressional fellow (1984-85) he served as a legislative aide to Senator George J. Mitchell (D-ME). He also served as a Brookings Institution research fellow in governmental studies (1977-78).
Professor Deering earned his BA in political science at the University of Southern California and his MA and PhD in political science at the University of California, Santa Barbara.
JOE DELLA VEDOVA is a Captain in the United States Air Force, responsible for the Air Force Headquarters media training program at the Pentagon. The training helps senior Air Force and Department of Defense officials to respond naturally to the media while delivering key messages. He provided media training for General Richard Myers, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 24-hours before the U.S. military began the military campaign against the war on terrorism. He has trained the Honorable Torie Clarke, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs, as well as a host of other high-ranking Department of Defense and Air Force officials.
Prior to working in the Pentagon, Captain Della Vedova was the Chief of Public Affairs at Howard Air Force Base in Panama. He was there during the Air Force's last year in the Canal Zone prior to turning over the military base to the Government of Panama. While in Panama he deployed to provide relief support to the people affected by Hurricane Mitch and earned a Humanitarian Medal for helping to deliver food and medical supplies. Captain Della Vedova was also the Deputy Chief of Public Affairs at Langley Air Force Base in Virginia. He graduated from The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina, with a degree in English.
JOHN M. DONNELLY joined Congressional Quarterly in 2004 and is now a senior writer, covering defense and foreign policy issues in Congress and the Pentagon. Prior to that, he worked at Defense Week, beginning in 1995, first as a reporter and later as editor. His work at Defense Week netted him numerous awards for exclusive and investigative reporting.
He has authored numerous articles and op-eds for major US newspapers, such as the Chicago Tribune and the Los Angeles Times. Mr. Donnelly frequently has been a guest or been quoted on radio and TV news programs, from ABC World News Tonight to C-SPAN to National Public Radio to NBC's Meet the Press. He has a weekly spot on national security issues on TBD, a news channel in the Washington, DC metro area. Donnelly has been an officer in the National Press Club since 2001.
He is graduate of the College of William & Mary in Virginia and Gonzaga College High School in Washington, DC.
TOBIAS A. DORSEY is Special Counsel for Drafting at the United States Sentencing Commission (USSC), where he drafts and edits regulations, proposed legislation, legal memoranda, reports, newsletters, and other documents.
Prior to the USSC, Mr. Dorsey was an attorney in the Office of the Legislative Counsel of the U.S. House of Representatives. Within that office, he worked primarily on issues relating to national defense, homeland security, and civil and criminal justice. Mr. Dorsey serves on the governing council of the Capitol Hill Chapter of the Federal Bar Association.
Before joining the Office of the Legislative Counsel in 1998, Mr. Dorsey served in the Office of General Counsel of the Secretary of Defense and was a trial and appellate lawyer in Maine and in California. He has brought appeals to the Supreme Court of the United States, the Supreme Court of Maine, and the Supreme Court of California. During his years in private practice, he directed the in-house research and writing programs of two firms. Before becoming a lawyer, he was a reporter and editor for several newspapers.
Mr. Dorsey is the author of the Legislative Drafter's Deskbook, and the Editor of United States Sentencing Commission Guidelines Manual and the Compilation of Defense-Related Nuclear Laws.
Mr. Dorsey earned his BA from Cornell University and his JD from UCLA School of Law.
Legislative Drafter's Deskbook: A Practical Guide
By Tobias A. Dorsey
Contributing Author: Clint Brass
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DERRICK DORTCH is President of The Diversa Group, a consulting company specializing in career, entrepreneurship, leadership and organizational consulting, development & training. There he leads the Career Success Group, Targeted-Resumes, The Federal Resume & KSA Center, Career Success Center and EntrepreneurEdge units in providing career counseling, targeted resume development, interview preparation, job search assistance, government job search assistance, military transition, entrepreneurship, and job posting services to clients in need of career assistance, organizations in need of career services for their constituents and employers looking for talent.
Mr. Dortch is a career expert for The Washington Post. There he hosts a monthly "Live Online" show and contributes articles on the Job Search, Government Job Search, Getting a Security Clearance, Military Transition, Internships, and Career, Work and Life issues. He also writes articles for the Career Success Center, providing advice to help people succeed in their career, work and life. Because of his expertise he is known as the "Career Success Counselor" and the "Federal Career Counselor".
In addition, Derrick is a Flotilla Staff Officer and career counselor with the United States Coast Guard Auxiliary. Previously at Georgetown University's MBNA Career Education Center, he served as a career counselor, an employment advisor and was responsible for the center's educational technology & marketing.
He also served in the United States Marine Corps in various capacities from combat operations in Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm to career counseling, training and administration. Derrick holds a Master's of Education in Counseling and Student Development from Tuskegee University.
How to Find a Job in Washington, DC
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ROBERT B. DOVE, Parliamentarian Emeritus, served for 36 years as the United States Senate's "referee." Since his retirement in May, 2001, he has served of counsel to Washington's largest law firm, Patton Boggs, has been named Congressional Chair at George Washington University's Graduate School of Political Management, and joined the faculty of the Georgetown University Law Center as a senior policy fellow and adjunct professor.
Dr. Dove is the author of articles and chapters on congressional procedure including sections of the Encyclopedia of Congress, and "Enactment of a Law: Procedural Steps in the Legislative Process." He has acted as parliamentary consultant to numerous foreign government entities such as the Russian Duma, the Yemen Parliament, the Kuwait Parliament, the Bulgarian Legislature, and the Polish Legislature. He has served as the Parliamentarian for the Republican Platform Committee at several Republican National Conventions.
Dr. Dove earned a BA from The Ohio State University, an MA and a PhD from Duke University, and a JD from Georgetown University.
Parliamentary Procedure of the U.S. Senate: Debate and Amendment
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THOMAS DOWNEY, the chairman of Downey McGrath Group, Inc., founded this bipartisan government affairs consulting firm in January 1993. Mr. Downey represents Fortune 500 companies as well as non-profit organizations, trade associations, and coalitions in their dealings with the Federal government. He has worked on a wide number of issues including, tax, health, telecommunications, environmental, and appropriations on their behalf.
Mr. Downey represented the 2nd District of New York in U.S. House of Representatives from 1975 to 1993. He served on the House Ways and Means Committee for fourteen years. As a senior member of the Trade Subcommittee, he played a critical role in the 1984 and 1988 Omnibus Trade Acts, helped build bipartisan congressional support for the passage of the NAFTA enabling legislation, and headed the bipartisan effort to pass the Uruguay Round GATT legislation. Mr. Downey served as the acting chairman of the Subcommittee on Human Resources for five years, where he was the chief House architect of the Family Support Act.
From 1975-1979, Mr. Downey was a member of the House Armed Services Committee. He was an adviser to both the SALT and START arms negotiations talks, and is a past president of Parliamentarians for Global Action, an international arms control organization. From 1987 to 1993, Mr. Downey also chaired the Subcommittee on Human Services of the House Select Committee on Aging. In addition, he co-authored the original Superfund legislation, and later led efforts to expand Superfund.
President-elect Clinton chose Mr. Downey to head the HHS, HUD, and VA cluster of the 1992 Presidential transition. President Clinton appointed Mr. Downey to the Bipartisan Commission on Entitlement and Tax Reform (the Kerrey Commission). During the 1996 and 2000 presidential campaigns, Mr. Downey was asked by Vice President Al Gore to assist him in his debate preparation.
Mr. Downey serves on the boards of Child Trends, the RFK Memorial Foundation, The Center for Social Gerontology, and Safe Shores, the D.C. Children's Advocacy Center.
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ANITA DRUMMOND is a principal in Kaye Advocacy, a firm specializing in regulatory lobbying and nonprofit legal training. From 2002 to 2006, served as the director of legal and regulatory affairs with the Associated Builders and Contractors (ABC) where she directed ABC's advocacy efforts for legal and regulatory issues, including issues involving labor and procurement. Prior to ABC, she practiced law with Bean, Kinney and Korman/Keagan and Soleto where she concentrated her practice on representing small businesses in litigation and advocacy matters.
From 1996 to 2000, Ms. Drummond served as Advocate and Assistant Chief Counsel for the Small Business Administration. She assisted the Chief Counsel for Advocacy in his statutory responsibilities for representing the interests of small business before federal agencies in the rulemaking process and reporting on federal agency compliance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act and the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act. Ms. Drummond represented the Chief Counsel, in particular, to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and other agencies responsible for industrial safety and health matters.
From 1994 to 1996, she held the position of Director of Government Relations for the American Subcontractors Association where she directed the association's advocacy efforts for legislation and regulations, and worked with the association's education foundation on safety regulatory programs.
As Public Affairs Manager of the American Council of Independent Laboratories, Ms. Drummond represented scientific research firms before federal agencies on standards for testing and research.
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DENNIS E. ECKART is a partner with the law firm Baker & Hostetler and represents a variety of clients before Congress, the Executive Branch, federal and state agencies and state legislatures. Mr. Eckart has advised and represented clients engaged in international trade and finance, communications and entertainment, technology, transportation, energy and health care. He has assisted clients in legislative issues related to labor, intellectual property, environmental law, energy and utilities.
Mr. Eckart was elected to the United States Congress in 1980 and served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1980 to 1992 representing the eleventh district of Ohio. He served as Chairman of the Small Business Subcommittee on Antitrust, Deregulation and Ecology and as a member of the House Energy and Commerce and the Education and Labor Committees. . He also served as co-chairman of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC), the Democratic Steering and Policy Committee, vice-chairman of the Northeast-Midwest Congressional Coalition, and as a deputy Democratic Whip.
Mr. Eckart is a past member of the American Bar Association Congressional Process Committee and Board of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. He chaired the U.S. Delegation to the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe for its annual Implementation Conference on Human Rights.
From September 2000 through December 2003 Mr. Eckart served as the President and CEO of the Greater Cleveland Growth Association, which is the largest chamber of commerce/economic development organization in the United States.
Mr. Eckart is a member of the American and Ohio Bar Associations.
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RONALD D. ELVING is the senior Washington editor for National Public Radio news, where he directs coverage of the capital and of national politics. In January 2002, NPR received a duPont Award from the Columbia School of Journalism for coverage of campaign financing - the only duPont awarded for political reporting for broadcast in the 2000 election cycle. In March, NPR received the Overseas Press Award and the George Peabody award for its coverage of September 11 and its aftermath. Previously, Mr. Elving was the political editor for USA Today and for Congressional Quarterly.
Mr. Elving's articles have been published by the Washington Post, the Brookings Institution, the Columbia Journalism Review, the Media Studies Journal and the American Political Science Association. His book, Conflict and Compromise: How Congress Makes the Law, was published by Simon & Schuster in 1995 and is now a Touchstone paperback.
Mr. Elving has been an adjunct professor in the Graduate Public Policy Institute at Georgetown University and an adjunct professor in the School of Communication at American University. He has been an election night commentator on the PBS News Hour with Jim Lehrer and a returning guest on CNN and several other cable TV networks including C-SPAN, CNBC, Bloomberg TV, and Fox News.
He came to Washington in 1984 as a congressional fellow with the American Political Science Association and worked for two years as a staff member in the House and Senate before joining CQ in 1987. He received his undergraduate degree from Stanford and master's degrees from the University of Chicago and the University of California - Berkeley.
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KEITH EVANS was a member of the Bars of both England and California, a Scholar of the Middle Temple Inn of Court in London, a member of Gray's Inn and a former Honorary Master of San Diego's Louis M. Welsh American Inn of Court. He wrote Common Sense Rules of Advocacy for Lawyers (TheCapitol.Net 2004).
He studied law at Cambridge and started trial practice as an English Barrister in 1963. From 1975 until 1996 he was an active member of the California Bar.
He handled several hundred jury trials and practiced in State and Federal Courts as well as, in England, every court from the Old Bailey to the House of Lords.
The holder of an Outstanding Trial Lawyer award from the San Diego Trial Lawyer's Association, he was a distinguished teacher of trial advocacy. His book on the subject is the standard text in England and in many parts of the British Commonwealth.
He was a visiting professor at an American university law school and on the faculty of NITA.
He practiced with several firms in the United States, including Gray, Cary in San Diego and the aviation litigation firm of Speiser, Krause & Cook in New York City and Washington, DC.
Common Sense Rules of Advocacy for Lawyers
By Keith Evans
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DOUGLAS EYMAN is Assistant Professor of English at George Mason University where he teaches courses in computer-aided publication and design and technical and scientific writing. He was a Graduate Teaching Assistant at Michigan State University where he taught courses in introduction to web design, introduction to professional writing, and digital composition.
Mr. Eyman has written a number of book chapters including "Usability: Methodology and Design Practice for Writing Processes and Pedagogies" in Susan Miller-Cochran & Rochelle Rodrigo (Eds.), Rhetorically Rethinking Usability: Theories, Practices, and Methodologies; "Learning from Kairos: Value, Visibility, and Virtual Teamwork" in Pavel Zemliansky and Kirk St. Amant (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Virtual Workplaces and the New Nature of Business Practices; "Multifaceted Methods for Multi-Modal Texts: Alternate Approaches to Citation Analysis for Electronic Sources" in Heidi McKee & DĂ nielle DeVoss (Eds.), Digital Writing Research: Technologies, Methodologies, and Ethical Issues; "Digital Literac(ies), Digital Discourses, and Communities of Practice: Literacy Practices in Virtual Environments" in Victoria Purcell-Gates (Ed.), Cultural Studies of Literacy Practices.
Mr. Eyman is Editor, Kairos: Rhetoric, Technology, Pedagogy, 1997 - present; Editor, H-DigiRhet, 2005 - present; and Editor and System Administrator, computersandwriting.org, 2005 - present.
He is a member of the Association of Teachers of Technical Writing and the Conference on College Composition and Communication Committee on Computers in Composition.
A graduate of Wittenberg University, Springfield, OH (BA, English 1991) and the University of North Carolina at Wilmington (MA, English 1995), Mr. Eyman received his PhD in Rhetoric and Writing (2007) from Michigan State University.. . . . . .
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RON FAUCHEUX (pronounced "FO-SHAY"), is a nationally respected campaign strategist, polling analyst, and author. He was elected to the Louisiana House of Representatives at at the age of 25 and went on to be re-elected twice. He later served as State Secretary of Commerce.
Dr. Faucheux received a BSFS degree from Georgetown University, a JD from the LSU Law Center, and a PhD in political science from the University of New Orleans.
He has served as editor and publisher of Campaigns & Elections magazine, as head of government advocacy for the American Institute of Architects, and as Chief of Staff for U.S. Senator Mary Landrieu from his home state of Louisiana, where he played a major role in post-hurricane Katrina and Rita recovery efforts.
Dr. Faucheux has managed landmark survey research projects for the Pew Charitable Trusts, the University of Maryland and Congressional Quarterly.
As a political strategist and issue advocacy consultant, he's handled over 116 campaigns for a variety of political, association, and corporate clients. As a political handicapper, he's published The Political Oddsmaker which correctly called 98% of over 2,600 elections between 1995 and 2005.
Dr. Faucheux's acclaimed books about politics include Running for Office, Winning Elections: Political Campaign Management, Strategy and Tactics, and The Debate Book.
He teaches courses in the History of Presidential Elections, Campaign Management, and Running for Office at the Graduate School of Political Management at The George Washington University. He's also taught at the Public Policy Institute at Georgetown University and is a frequent public speaker, commentator, and news analyst for national television networks.
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VIC FAZIO is senior advisor with Akin, Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld, LLP. His practice areas include public law and policy and national security. Mr. Fazio served for 20 years as a Member of Congress, representing California's 3rd District. As a member of Congress, Mr. Fazio was well respected by his colleagues on both sides of the aisle, and recognized as an effective and influential legislator. He was appointed to the House Appropriations Committee in 1980, serving as a subcommittee chairman or ranking member for eighteen years. During his tenure in Congress, Mr. Fazio also was a member of the Armed Services, Budget, Ethics and House Administration Committees.
In addition to his role on the Appropriations Committee, Mr. Fazio was active in the Democratic leadership of the House and held several appointive and elected positions. Mr. Fazio served as the vice chair of the Democratic Caucus from 1989 to 1994, when he was elected chairman, the third-ranking position in the House. He was the chairman of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, the political arm of the House Democrats, for four years in the early 1990's. He also was a majority whip-at-large and served as a regional representative on the Democratic Steering and Policy Committee.
After his retirement from Congress in 1998, Mr. Fazio served as the co-managing partner of Clark & Weinstock's Washington office. From 1975 to 1978, Mr. Fazio served in the California State Assembly, where he was chairman of a Ways and Means Subcommittee. Prior to first being elected to public office, Mr. Fazio was a senior assistant to the Speaker of the California Assembly for four years.
Mr. Fazio serves on numerous boards, including the California Institute, the Coro National Board of Governors, the U.S. Capitol Historical Society, the Board of Visitors of the University of California at Davis, the Faith and Politics Institute, the Bryce Harlow Foundation, the Campaign Finance Institute and Northrop Grumman Corporation. He is a former member of the board of the Fund for the Capitol Visitor Center.
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MARK FELDSTEIN is the Richard Eaton Professor of Broadcast Journalism at the Philip Merrill School of Journalism at the University of Maryland. Most recently he was Director of Journalism and Associate Professor of Media and Public Affairs at The George Washington University. As an investigative reporter, he has been beaten up and sued in the United States, detained and censored by authorities in Egypt, and escorted out of the country under armed guard in Haiti.
He is the author of Poisoning The Press: Richard Nixon, Jack Anderson, and the Rise of Washington's Scandal Culture.
With more than two decades of experience as a broadcast journalist and investigative reporter, Feldstein is best known in the nation's capital for his exposés of drug use and corruption by former Washington Mayor Marion Barry and his administration. He went on to spend seven years as an on-air investigative correspondent for CNN's Washington bureau, where his daily, magazine and documentary reports appeared on all major shows including Inside Politics, Reliable Sources, CNN Presents and Headline News. From 1998 to 2000, Feldstein was Washington investigative producer for Dateline NBC, the Today show and MSNBC, where he uncovered scandals ranging from human rights atrocities by UN peacekeepers to sexual harassment at the Ford Motor Company. As a correspondent for ABC News in New York, his stories appeared on Nightline, World News Tonight and Good Morning, America.
His numerous journalism prizes include two George Foster Peabody awards for exposés of medical malpractice and migrant farm worker slavery. He has also won the Edward R. Murrow broadcasting award, the Columbia-Dupont silver baton, and nine regional Emmys. Feldstein's achievements also extend to print reporting where his freelance articles have appeared in such publications as Time, The Washington Monthly, and The Nation.
Feldstein has lectured in journalism, law, and broadcasting at American University Law School, Duke University, GW, Hofstra Law School, University of Michigan, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of Istanbul, Northeastern, the University of Oslo (Norway), University of Texas, and Washington & Lee.
He graduated with honors in government form Harvard and received a PhD in media history from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
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JEFF FISHEL is a professor and chair, Department of Government, School of Public Affairs at American University. He is a specialist in political psychology and American national government, and is the author of Presidents and Promise: From Campaign Pledge to Presidential Performance, Political Parties and Elections in an Anti-Party Age, and Party Opposition.
Professor Fishel was the editor of the journal Congress & the Presidency and has been a senior Fulbright Scholar, a senior Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, and a guest scholar at the Brookings Institution. Over the years he has been a consultant with the Executive Office of the President, the U.S. Congress, the Office of Personal Management, U.S. Information Agency, Indiana state legislature, and the San Francisco Board of Supervisors.
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BRAD FITCH is President of the Congressional Management Foundation. Previously Fitch was Vice President, Client Services for CQ-Roll Call Group, former CEO of Knowlegis, and former Deputy Director of the Congressional Management Foundation (CMF). He is the author of Media Relations Handbook for Agencies, Associations, Nonprofits and Congress (TheCapitol.Net) and Citizen's Handbook to Influencing Elected Officials (TheCapitol.Net), and an adjunct Associate Professor at American University. Fitch has spent 20 years in Washington as a journalist, congressional aide, consultant, college instructor, and writer/researcher.
Fitch began his career in communications at age 14, reading statistical summaries of high school basketball games for his hometown radio station in upstate New York. After working as a radio and television reporter in the mid-1980's, Fitch began working on Capitol Hill in 1988. During his 13 years on Capitol Hill, he served in a variety of positions for four Members of Congress, including: press secretary for a House Member, campaign manager for a House Member, communications director for a House committee, communications director for a U.S. Senator, legislative director for a House Member, and chief of staff for a freshman House Member.
Media Relations Handbook for Agencies, Associations, Nonprofits and Congress
By Bradford Fitch
Editor, Jack Holt Reviews
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is PR and Communications Manager for Blue Ventures, a London nonprofit. Prior to joining Blue Ventures, she was a media specialist for The Nature Conservancy, the world's largest nonprofit conservation organization, where she developed and placed stories on the Conservancy's projects and mission in major news outlets such as The New York Times, NPR, Smithsonian Magazine, and others. Before joining The Nature Conservancy, she was a political reporter for Congressional Quarterly, writing for the CQ Weekly and CQ On Politics, a weekly forecast on election currents and trends. She has also been a senior reporter with CQ's Daily Monitor, writing about political maneuvering and behind-the-scenes deal-making that shape legislation.
Previously, Ms. Foerstel was a Washington correspondent for the New York Post where she covered Congress, the White House, as well as other activities across the nation's capital. From 1989-94, she was a staff writer for Roll Call Newspaper writing political, legislative and feature stories. Ms. Foerstel co-authored the book Climbing the Hill: Gender Conflict in Congress, a comprehensive look at the history of women in Congress, and how they are faring today within the congressional hierarchy. She earned a BA in media/writing from Loyola College.
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SONIA FOIS is a partner in Arnold & Porter's Legislative Practice Group. Her activities have spanned all elements of a legislative campaign, and have concerned a variety of substantive law areas, including environmental law, intellectual property, insurance, food and drug law, government contracts, and budgetary issues. She also specializes in counseling clients, including corporations, partnerships, trade associations and candidate committees, on election, lobbying, and government ethics law compliance on both the federal and state levels. Ms. Fois previously served on the professional staff of the Oversight Subcommittee of the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee.
Ms Fois' publications include co-authorship of articles on how corporations may participate in the electoral process, congressional gift rules, federal lobbying law and Federal Election Commission regulations. She is a 1987 graduate of the Georgetown University Law Center.
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A. LEE FRITSCHLER is a professor in the School of Public Policy at George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia. He was appointed to that position in the fall of 2003. Prior to that appointment he was vice president and director of the Center for Public Policy Education at the Brookings Institution.
Dr. Fritschler served as the Assistant Secretary for Postsecondary Education from November 1999 until 2001. As Assistant Secretary, he was charged with setting the direction for higher education policy and administering the department's higher education programs, which include student, financial aid, FIPSE, GEAR UP, TRIO, international education, the Fulbright program, graduate programs, Developing Institutions, and the White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities among others.
Prior to joining the Department, Dr. Fritschler was president of Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, from 1987 until his retirement in June 1999. As president, he emphasized international education, undergraduate science, and foreign languages. In 1991, Dr. Fritschler co-founded the Annapolis Group, a contingent of 110 presidents of the nation's leading liberal arts colleges created to build support for liberal arts programs in colleges. He was director of the Center for Public Policy Education at The Brookings Institution from 1981-1987, and served as the chairman of the U.S. Postal Rate Commission, after having been nominated by President Carter, from 1979-1981.
From 1977 to 1979, Fritschler was dean of the college of public and international affairs at the American University (AU), Washington, DC, and in charge of managing two schools, three centers, 3,500 students and some 100 full and part-time faculty. He held a number of other academic and administrative positions at AU between 1964 and 1979.
Dr. Fritschler is the author of several books and numerous articles and a member of many boards and professional societies. His books include "Smoking and Politics: Bureaucracy Centered Policymaking," now in its sixth edition. He has been a guest lecturer at numerous schools and executive programs.
Dr. Fritschler earned a master's degree in public administration from Syracuse University, and a doctorate in political science from the University's Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs. He earned a Bachelor of Arts degree from Union College, NY.
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SARA FRITZ is the Publisher of Youth Today and Executive Director of the American Youth Work Center. Previously, she was Director of Communications & Publishing for Faith and Politics and former managing editor of the CQ Weekly. Before joining CQ, she was an investigative reporter for the Los Angeles Times Washington Bureau for 14 years. She has received several awards including the Dirksen Award for distinguished coverage of Congress, Harvard University's Goldsmith Award and the Times Mirror Journalist of the Year. Her books include Gold Plated Politics and the Handbook of Campaign Spending.
Ms. Fritz received her BA from Denison University and an Honorary Doctorate from Denison University.
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